Only among the regulated legal and judicial professions (lawyers at the Council of State and at the Court
of cassation, notaries, bailiffs, clerks of commercial courts and auctioneers
legal) 78 With a majority of women, the legal profession has become widely feminized in
in recent years. In 2016, it was made up of 55.1% women, against 48.7%
ten years earlier79. This trend should not be lost: in Paris, seven in ten student lawyers are
The phenomenon of feminization also affects legal departments and the judiciary:
in a study from March 2016, the French Association of Company Lawyers (AFJE) and the Cercle
Montesquieu thus observe a constant feminization of legal teams: 82% of
legal departments declared in 2015 to have a workforce of predominantly female lawyers,
against only 70% in 201381. Women in-house lawyers are in the majority in
numbers in all age groups up to 55 years. Moreover, and according to the projections of
AFJE, women will represent around 75% of company lawyers in less than
for its part, the judiciary is made up of 60% women, these constituting 80% of
current promotions of the National School of Magistrates83.
Thus, not only does the legal profession work for and with an increased number of women, but
so it is more and more popular with them.
At the same time, however, gender inequalities within the profession are not decreasing.
They result in at least four phenomena: (18.104.22.168.) Income disparities, (22.214.171.124.) A
mode of practice more oriented towards collaboration, (126.96.36.199.) of discrimination, acts and remarks
of a sexist nature and (188.8.131.52.) more numerous departures from the profession.